|موضوع: Too and enough الأربعاء فبراير 10, 2010 5:27 am|| |
Too and enough
too + adjective or adverb
too much/many + noun
adjective or adverb + enough
enough + noun
Functions and examples
1. We use 'too' to mean more than sufficient or more than necessary.
1-نستخدم too لتعنى اكثر/كاف او ضرورى
It's too late to stop him.
Jerry was too young to watch the movie.
There are too many people on this train, there's nowhere to sit.
You have too much money, give some to me.
2. We use 'enough' to mean sufficient and in a negative sentence to mean less than sufficient or less than necessary.
نستخدم enough لتعنى كاف وكذلك فى الجمل المنفية لتعنى اقل من الكاف او اقل من الضرورى
You're not working fast enough, you won't finish on time.
Your clothes are big enough to fit me.
Have you got enough money to buy me a drink?
Sorry, I haven't got enough food for everyone.
Important points نقاط هامة
1. We can use 'enough' without a noun if the meaning is clear.
1-يمكن استخدام enough بدون اسم ان كان المعنى واضحا
There's a lot of food but not enough for everyone.
2. We use 'enough of' or 'too much/many of' before pronouns and determiners.
2-يمكن استخدام enough of و too much /many of قبل الضمائراو المحددات
Not enough of my friends are coming to the party.
You've eaten too many of those cakes.
3. We can replace 'enough' with 'the' before a noun.
3-يمكن استبدال enough مع the قبل الاسم
I don't have the money to go on holiday.
His company doesn't have the resources to do the job.
4. We can use 'time' or 'room' alone to mean 'enough time' or 'enough room'.
4-يمكن ان نستخدم time او room لتعنى وقت كاف او غرفة كافية
Is there room in your car for one more person?
Do we have time for a coffee?
Teaching Too and enough
"Give the rules of both in a very simple way and give importance to exercises, example sentences. I start with too. Students convert the sentences from too to enough.
"She is too young to go to a disco by herself." _______________ (enough)
"She isn't old enough to go to a disco by herself."
"Find pictures, for example a small girl standing next to a bicycle (adult) and say:
"What's the problem? Why can't she ride the bike?"
The students should come up with: "It's too big or she's too small..."
"I usually show the students a picture of a fat woman and ask them if she can win a race and why. I then elicit sentences like:
"She is too fat to win a race or she is not fast enough..."
Another picture shows a man trying to change a bulb, but can't because he's short. Of course, visual aids are very important for this activity. I also show them picture of poor people and help students make sentences such as:
"They are too poor to buy a car / they're not rich enough..." etc.
"When I teach the difference between too and enough, I take a cup and fill it with water until it overflows: students cry out: 'It's too much!' I then take another cup and will ask students to tell me when I fill the cup until I have enough: They tell me: 'Enough!' Then I ask the students to give me more examples of too and enough. It works with young children (who need visuals) as well as with students around 18!
عدل سابقا من قبل المدير العام في الإثنين فبراير 11, 2013 3:26 am عدل 2 مرات
|موضوع: رد: Too and enough الأربعاء فبراير 10, 2010 5:37 am|| |
It is an adverb and is there followed by adjectives or adverbs: denotes a quality in excess:
Coffee is too hot, I can't drink it
It is usually continued through a 'to - infinitive':
Coffee is too hot to drink.
Actions in the infinitive can refer to a different subject from the first in the sentence:
Coffee is too hot FOR THE OLD MAN to drink.
Quite another different usage is that you may find when followed by nouns, in that case MUCH and MANY are required.
They drink too much wine
They invite too many people to their parties.
a. as an adjective
appears before nouns and expresses sufficiency :
They have enough books in the house , they don't have to buy any.
b. as an adverb
appears after adjectives or adverbs and also expresses a degree in sufficiency.
He is strong enough, he will cross the dessert.
The same as with 'too', a 'to-infinitive usually follows'
He is strong enough to cross the dessert.
And for is used to refer the action to another subject:
Our flat is not big enough to hold 20 people.
اختبار لقياس المستوى فى too و enough
مشرفة المنتدى العام والترحيب بالاعضاء الجدد
|موضوع: رد: Too and enough الخميس مارس 18, 2010 1:55 am|| |
|موضوع: رد: Too and enough الثلاثاء سبتمبر 25, 2012 11:58 am|| |
|موضوع: رد: Too and enough الخميس يناير 17, 2013 11:06 pm|| |
نصر المولى جاي
صامدين ما نرتضي بيع الوطن
|موضوع: رد: Too and enough الإثنين فبراير 11, 2013 3:25 am|| |
Thanks for your kind passing
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