|موضوع: الفرق بين:Must or have to الأربعاء يناير 04, 2012 1:46 am|| |
Must or have to
We can use 'must' to show that we are certain something is true. We are making a logical deduction based upon some clear evidence or reason.
تستخدم must لتبين اننا متأكدون من فعل شىء حيث نقوم باستنتاج منطقي مؤسس على دليل واضح وجلي أو سبب
The speaker thinks it is necessary
تعني must أن المتكلم يعتقد أن الشىء ضروري
•There's no heating on. You must be freezing.
•You must be worried that she is so late coming home.
•I can't remember what I did with it. I must be getting old.
•It must be nice to live in Florida.
We also use 'must' to express a strong obligation. When we use 'must' this usually means that some personal circumstance makes the obligation necessary (and the speaker almost certainly agrees with the obligation.)
نستخدم must لتعني الزام قوي وتعني أن هناك ظروف شخصية تجعل الالزام ضروري والمتكلم يوافق على الالزام
•I must go to bed earlier.
•They must do something about it.
•You must come and see us some time.
•I must say, I don't think you were very nice to him.
We can also use 'have to' to express a strong obligation.الزام قوي When we use 'have to' this usually means that some external circumstance ظروف خارجية تجعل الالزام ضروري makes the obligation necessary.
Someone else thinks it is necessary
تعني أن شخص اخر يعتقد ان الشىء ضروري
•I have to arrive at work at 9 sharp. My boss is very strict.
•We have to give him our answer today or lose out on the contract.
•You have to pass your exams or the university will not accept you.
•I have to send a report to Head Office every week.
In British English, we often use 'have got to' to mean the same as 'have to'.
•I've got to take this book back to the library or I'll get a fine.
•We've got to finish now as somebody else needs this room.
We can also use ' will have to' to talk about strong obligations. Like 'must' this usually means that that some personal circumstance makes the obligation necessary. (Remember that 'will' is often used to show 'willingness'.)
•I'll have to speak to him.
•We'll have to have lunch and catch up on all the gossip.
•They'll have to do something about it.
•I'll have to get back to you on that.
As you can see, the differences between the present forms are sometimes very small and very subtle. However, there is a huge difference in the negative forms.
•الزام قوي الا تفعل شىءWe use 'mustn't' to express strong obligations NOT to do something.
•We mustn't talk about it. It's confidential.
•I mustn't eat chocolate. It's bad for me.
•You mustn't phone me at work. We aren't allowed personal calls.
•They mustn't see us talking or they'll suspect something.
We use 'don't have to' (or 'haven't got to' in British English) to state that there is NO obligation or necessity.
•We don't have to get there on time. The boss is away today.
•I don't have to listen to this. I'm leaving.
•You don't have to come if you don't want to.
•He doesn't have to sign anything if he doesn't want to at this stage.
•I haven't got to go. Only if I want to
N.B. In the negative form, the meaning changes!
في حالة النفي المعني يختلف
MUST NOT (MUSTN'T)
You mustn't tell Ali
=it's important not to tell Ali
= don't tell Ali
من المهم ألا تخبره=
لايتوجب أن تخبر علي=
DO NOT HAVE TO (DON'T HAVE TO)
You don't have to tell Ali
= you can tell Alii if you like,
but it isn't necessary. It's your decision.
ليس ضروريا=القرار قرارك.
|موضوع: رد: الفرق بين:Must or have to الثلاثاء أغسطس 07, 2012 1:44 am|| |
مشكور أخي الحبيب
نصر المولى جاي
صامدين ما نرتضي بيع الوطن