|موضوع: What is the relationship between language and culture? السبت مايو 26, 2012 12:01 am|| |
What is the relationship between language and culture?
Language and culture are NOT fundamentally inseparable. At the most basic level, language is a method of expressing ideas. That is, language is communication; while usually verbal, language can also be visual (via signs and symbols), or semiotics (via hand or body gestures). Culture, on the other hand, is a specific set of ideas, practices, customs and beliefs which make up a functioning society as distinct.
A culture must have at least one language, which it uses as a distinct medium of communication to conveys its defining ideas, customs, beliefs, et al., from one member of the culture to another member. Cultures can develop multiple languages, or "borrow" languages from other cultures to use; not all such languages are co-equal in the culture. One of the major defining characteristics of a culture is which language(s) are the primary means of communication in that culture; sociologists and anthropologists draw lines between similar cultures heavily based on the prevalent language usage.
Languages, on the other hand, can be developed (or evolve) apart from its originating culture. Certain language have scope for cross-cultural adaptations and communication, and may not actually be part of any culture. Additionally, many languages are used by different cultures (that is, the same language can be used in several cultures).
Language is heavily influenced by culture - as cultures come up with new ideas, they develop language components to express those ideas. The reverse is also true: the limits of a language can define what is expressible in a culture (that is, the limits of a language can prevent certain concepts from being part of a culture).
Finally, languages are not solely defined by their developing culture(s) - most modern languages are amalgamations of other prior and current languages. That is, most languages borrow words and phrases ("loan words") from other existing languages to describe new ideas and concept. In fact, in the modern very-connected world, once one language manufactures a new word to describe something, there is a very strong tendency for other languages to "steal" that word directly, rather than manufacture a unique one itself. The English language is a stellar example of a "thief" language - by some accounts, over 60% of the English language is of foreign origin (i.e. those words were originally imported from another language). Conversely, English is currently the world's largest "donor" language, with vast quantities of English words being imported directly into virtually all other languages
|موضوع: رد: What is the relationship between language and culture? السبت مايو 26, 2012 12:12 am|| |
The relationship between language and culture
Human beings do not live in the objective world alone, nor alone in the world
of social activity as ordinarily understood, but are very much at the mercy of
the particular language which has become the medium of expression for
their society. It is quite an illusion to imagine that one adjusts to reality essentially
without the use of language and that language is merely an incidental
means of solving specific problems of communication or reflection. The fact of
the matter is the ‘real world’ is to a large extent unconsciously built up on the
language habits of the group. No two languages are ever sufficiently similar
to be considered as representing the same social reality. The worlds in which
different societies lie are distinct worlds, not merely the same world with
different labels attached.
Sapir (1985: 162)
|موضوع: رد: What is the relationship between language and culture? الخميس سبتمبر 06, 2012 8:57 am|| |
Good Topic about language and the relationship with culture